Pengaruh Metode Storytelling terhadap Kemampuan Public Speaking Mahasiswa Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi di Kota Pekanbaru

  • Yudi Daherman Universitas Islam Riau
  • Fatmawati Moekahar
Keywords: storytelling, ability,, public speaking, students, Pekanbaru


The implementation of public speaking becomes the most important part when appearing to provide information to the audience, so that the development of knowledge about storytelling has an influence in the learning process of students' public speaking lectures. Considering the process that students go through in practice which will be carried out simultaneously, various methods in practice have been implemented, and one of them students can develop themselves by using the storytelling method. This study aims to find out the effect of the storytelling method on the public speaking ability of students of the Communication Science study program in the city of Pekanbaru. This study uses the design of the Explanatory Survey Method. The results showed that the effect of storytelling on the students' public speaking skills was in the high category. This means that the more often students practice public speaking using the storytelling method, it will have an impact on their public speaking practice. Through the significance test of the storytelling method and the students' public speaking skills, there was a significant relationship. Communication Studies students will face the challenges of the current modernization era by developing digital storytelling methods. Modern society is now contaminated with all digital activities. So that the appearance of public speaking is also required to join in the practice.


Abd el-Gawad, H., & Stevenson, A. (2021). Egypt’s dispersed heritage: Multi-directional storytelling through comic art. Journal of Social Archaeology, 21(1), 121–145.
Abma, T. A. (2003). Learning by telling: Storytelling workshops as an organizational learning intervention. Management Learning, 34(2), 221–240.
Abramson, B. D., & Taylor, G. (2015). “ More and Better ” Research ? Critical Communication Studies and the Problem of Policy Relevance. 33(2008), 303–317.
Amru, B. A. (2016). STORYTELLING TO IMPROVE SPEAKING SKILLS By Amru Bin As  University of Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh. English Education Journal, 7(2), 194–205.
Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Rineka Cipta.
Armstrong, S. W., & Hope, W. C. (2016). Technical College Teachers’ Communication and Its Impact on Student Motivation. Journal of Education and Human Development, 5(1), 24–33.
Atakav, E., Jarvis, L., & Marsden, L. (2020). Researching “British [Muslim] Values”: Vernacular Politics, Digital Storytelling, and Participant Researchers. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1–11.
Barzaq .M. (2009). Integrating Sequential Thinking Thought Teaching Stories in the Curriculum. Action Research. Al .Qattan Center for Educational Research AndDevelopment QCERD. Gaza., 5.
Bunanta, M. (2009). Buku, Dongeng, dan Minat Baca. Murti Bunanta Foundation.
Chesin, G. A. (1966). Storytelling and Storyreading. Peabody Journal of Education, 43(4), 212–214.
Cooper, D. R., & Emory, C. W. (1997). Metode Penelitian Bisnis (5th ed.). Erlangga.
Craig, R. (1996). Storytelling in the Classroom : Some Theoretical Thoughts.
Creswell. (2009). Research Design, Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, Third Edition (p. 296). SAGE Publications, Inc.
Davey, N. G., & Benjaminsen, G. (2021). Telling Tales: Digital Storytelling as a Tool for Qualitative Data Interpretation and Communication. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 20(1432), 160940692110225.
Ellison, T. L., & Wang, H. (2018). Resisting and redirecting: Agentive practices within an African American parent–child dyad during digital storytelling. Journal of Literacy Research, 50(1), 52–73.
Gere, Jeff; Kozlovich, Beth-Ann; Kelin, D. A. (2002). By Word of Mouth: A Storytelling Guide for the Classroom. 1–27.
Gucciardi, E., Reynolds, E., Karam, G., Beanlands, H., Sidani, S., & Espin, S. (2019). Group-based storytelling in disease self-management among people with diabetes. Chronic Illness.
Harriott, W. A., & Martin, S. S. (2004). Using Culturally Responsive Activities to Promote Social Competence and Classroom Community. Teaching Exceptional Children, 37(1), 48–54.
Indriantoro, N. dan B. S. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian Bisnis Untuk Akuntansi Dan Manajemen (1st ed.). BPFE.
Johansson, V. (2021). Sami Children as thought herders : philosophy of death and storytelling as radical hope in early childhood education. Policy Futures In Education, 1–16.
La Rose, T., & Detlor, B. (2021). Social Work Digital Storytelling Project: Digital Literacy, Digital Storytelling, and the Makerspace. Research on Social Work Practice.
Mcdrury, J., & Alterio, M. (2010). Innovations in Education and Teaching International Achieving Reflective Learning Using Storytelling Pathways Achieving Re ective Learning Using Storytelling Pathways. Innovations in Education and Teaching Internationa L, 38(1), 63–73.
Miller, S., & Pennycuff, L. (2008). The Power of Story : Using Storytelling to Improve Literacy Learning. Journal of Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives in Education, 1(1), 36–43.
Million, T. (2021). Sharing stories: The Saskatchewan Aboriginal Storytelling project. IFLA Journal, 1–6.
Morissan. (2014). Metode Penelitian Survei. KENCANA.
Neuman, W. L. (2013). Metode Penelitian Sosial - Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif (7th ed.). PT Index.
Oaks, T. (1995). Storytelling : A Natural Mnemonic : A Study of a Storytelling Method to Positively Influence Student Recall of Instruction. University of Tennessee.
Oktavianti, R., & Rusdi, F. (2019). Belajar Public Speaking Sebagai Komunikasi Yang Efektif. Jurnal Bakti Masyarakat Indonesia, 2(1), 117–122.
Paton, A., & Kotzee, B. (2019). The fundamental role of storytelling and practical wisdom in facilitating the ethics education of junior doctors. Health (United Kingdom), 25(4), 417–413.
Pratiwi, R. R. (2016). Penerapan Metode Storytelling Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berbicara Siswa Kelas II Sdn S4 Bandung. Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 1(1), 199–207.
Riduwan. (2005). Belajar Mudah Penelitian Untuk Guru, Karyawan dan Peneliti Pemula. Alfabeta.
Rieger, K. L., Bennett, M., Martin, D., Hack, T. F., Cook, L., & Hornan, B. (2021). Digital Storytelling as a Patient Engagement and Research Approach With First Nations Women : How the Medicine Wheel Guided Our Debwewin * Journey. Qualitatif Healt Research, 1–13.
Rios Rincon, A. M., Miguel Cruz, A., Daum, C., Neubauer, N., Comeau, A., & Liu, L. (2021). Digital Storytelling in Older Adults With Typical Aging, and With Mild Cognitive Impairment or Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Applied Gerontology.
Sitter, K. C., Beausoleil, N., & McGowan, E. (2020). Digital Storytelling and Validity Criteria. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1–9.
Stockhausen, L. (1992). Reflection in Clinical Teaching and Learning. Exploring Tertiary Teaching." Papers Fi~ Om the TRAC (Teaching, Reflection, and Collaboration) Project. Armidale, NE:, Department of Administrative, Higher and Adult Education Studies, University of New England., 9.
Sugiyono. (2012a). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D (pp. 1–450). Alfabeta.
Sugiyono. (2012b). Statistika Untuk Penelitian. In Penerbit Alfabeta.
van Hulst, M., & Ybema, S. (2020). From What to Where: A setting-sensitive approach to organizational storytelling. Organization Studies, 41(3), 365–391.
Vicari, S. (2020). Is it all about storytelling? Living and learning hereditary cancer on Twitter. New Media and Society, 1–24.
Wallace. C. (2000). Storytelling: Reclaiming an Age-Old Widsom for The Composition Classroom. Teaching English in the Two Year College, 27(4), 434.