LAYAK BERITA KE LAYAK JUAL: NILAI BERITA JURNALISME ONLINE INDONESIA DI ERA ATTENTION ECONOMY

  • Titis Nurwulan Suciati Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya
  • Nurul Fauziah Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya
Keywords: nilai berita; media online; komodifikasi; sindrom logika jangka pendek; attention economy

Abstract

Penulis ingin menjabarkan praktik tiga media online di Indonesia yakni Republika.com, Merdeka.com dan Tribunnews.com dalam menentukan berita di headline terutama pada penentuan nilai berita. Penulis berargumen, seleksi peristiwa/isu pada produksi berita bukan lagi berdasarkan kepentingan sosial publik dan nilai jurnalisme tradisonal melainkan untuk kepentingan attention economy dengan tujuan view, click dan sharing yang pada akhirnya menaikkan keuntungan media tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan teori ekonomi politik dan perspektif Attention Economy untuk mengungkap pergeseran nilai berita pada jurnalisme online sekarang. Nilai berita sensasional,   pemanfaatan media sosial dan data metrik perilaku audiens dalam penentuan konten berita merupakan temuan menonjol yang menempatkan nilai berita sebagai komodifikasi media online nasional.

References

Bednarek, Monika & Caple, Helen (2014) Why do news Values Matter?Toward a New Methodological framework for analyzing news discourse in Critical Discourse Anylis and Beyond.University of Sydney.1-24 DOI 1011770957926513516041
Bell, A.(1991).The language of news media: Blackwell Oxford.
Berger, Chris, (2004). Cultural Studies Teory And Practice: London:Sage Publication
Dwyer, T., & Martin, F. (2017). Sharing news online. Digital Journalism, 1080–1100. doi:10.1080/21670811.2017.1338527.
Fairclough N. (1995) Media Discourse. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
Galtung J and Ruge MH (1965) The structure of foreign news. Journal of Peace Research 2(1): 64–91
Goldhaber, M. (2006). The value of openness in an attention economy. First Monday, 11(6), Retrieved from http://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1334/1254 doi:10.5210/fm.v11i6.1334
Graham Murdock dan Peter Golding. (1992). Political Economy of Mass Communication: A Division of Holder & Stoughten.
Harcupp & O’Neill (2016) What Is News?News Values Revisited (Again). Journalism Studies 18:12, 1470-1488, DOI:10.1080/1461670x.2016.1150193
Haryatmoko, Johannes. (2010) Dominasi Penuh Muslihat. Jakarta:Gramedia.
Lippmann W (1922) Public Opinion. New York: Harcourt Brace (reprint 1965)
Judy McGregor. Restating News Value:contemporary criteria for selecting the news. Massey University
Kovack, Bill, Tom, Resenstiel.(2001). Sembilan Elemen Jurnalisme (terj).Jakarta:Pantau.
Mosco,Vincent(1996). The Political Economy of Communication.London:SAGE Publication.
McQuail, Dennis. (2010).Teori Komunikasi Massa,Suatu Pengantar.Jakarta:Erlangga.
Myllylahti, Merja. 2018. “An Attention Economy Trap? An Empirical Investigation into Four News Companies’ Facebook Traffic and Social Media Revenue.” Journal of Media Business Studie 15 (4): 237–253.
Myllylahti Merja (2019) Paying Attention to Attention :A Conceptual Framework for Studying News Reader Revenu Models Related To Flatforms,Digital Journalism DOI 10.1080/21670811.2019.1691926
Nixon B (2014) Toward a political economy of ‘audience labour’ in the digital era. tripleC:
Communication, Capitalism & Critique 12(2): 713–734.
Nixon B (2016) The old media business in the new: ‘The Googlization of everything’ as the capitalization of digital consumption. Media, Culture & Society 38(2): 212–231
Nixon, B (2017) The Business of news in the attention economy:Audience Labor and
Media News Group’s effort to Capitalize on News Consumption.University of
Pennsylvania 22 DOI:10.177/1464884917719145
O'sullivan, T., Hartley, J., Saunders, D., Montgomery, M., Fiske, J.(1994). Key concepts in
Communication and cultural studies.London: Routledge.
Puspita, Ratna. 2015. Logika Jangka Pendek Jurnalisme Online (studi Kasus Republika Online). Tesis. Universitas Indonesia
Septiawan Santana K.(2017). Jurnalisme Kontemporer, Edisi Kedua.Jakarta:Yayasan Pustaka
Obor Indonesia.
Schultz, I. (2007).The journalistic gut feeling.Journalism practice.
Shoemaker, P., Cohen, A.(2006).News around the world. Content, practitioners, and the public:Recherche.
Smythe,D.(2006).On the Audience Commodity and its work :In M.G Durham &
D.Kellner,eds.Media and Cultural studies.
Smythe DW (1977) Communications: Blindspot of Western Marxism. Canadian Journal of
Political and Social Theory 1(3): 1–27.
Smythe DW (1978) Rejoinder to Graham Murdock. Canadian Journal of Political and Social
Theory 2(2): 120–127.
Thoren Claes. The Political Economy of News Value and The Commodification of General Intelellect. Karlstad University
Van Dijck, J. (2013). The culture of connectivity. In A critical history of social media. New
York USA: Oxford University Press.
Van Dijck, Jose, Thomas Poell, and Martijn De Waal (2018). The Platform Society. Public
Values in a Connective World. New York: Oxford University Press.
Webster, James. (2014). The Marketplace of Attention. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Published
2020-02-24
Section
Articles